Impact of Domestic Violence

Impact of Domestic Violence on Women
Domestic violence and abuse has a significant impact on the health and well-being of women both in the immediate and long term. In many cases, the abuse can continue after an abusive relationship has ended.

Immediate Health Impacts can include:
• Physical injuries – such as cuts, scrapes and bruises, fractures, dislocated bones
• Hearing loss
• Vision loss
• Miscarriage or early delivery
• Sexually transmitted diseases
• Knife wounds
• Gunshot wounds
• Homicide

Longer Term Health Impacts can Include:
• Gastro-intestinal disorders associated with stress
• Headaches
• Back pain
• Fainting
• Seizures
• Gynaecological problems
• Anxiety
• Depression
• Eating disorders
• Post-traumatic stress disorder
• Sleep disturbances
• Alcohol and substance misuse
• Homelessness
• Suicide
• Homicide

Teach Tearmainn provide confidential support services to Women who have been impacted by domestic violence and abuse. You do not need to leave the relationship in order to access our services. For more information Click Here (link to Supports for Women link)

Impact of Domestic Violence on Children & Young People
Children who live in homes where there is domestic violence and abuse grow up in an unpredictable environment which is filled with tension, anxiety and dominated by fear. This can lead to significant emotional and psychological trauma. These children and young people are forced to worry about the future; they try to predict when it might happen next and often try to protect themselves, their siblings and their mother. Often getting through each day is the main objective so there is little time left for fun and relaxation.

Children living with domestic violence may suffer trauma from the impact of living in a household that is dominated by tension and fear. These children may see their mother being threatened, demeaned or physically or sexually assaulted. They overhear conflict and violence and see the aftermath of the violence such as their mother’s injuries. Children may also be used and manipulated by the abuser to hurt their mother.

Children and Young People’s Response to Domestic Violence and Abuse
• Self-blame
• Helplessness
• Grief
• Ambivalence
• Fear
• Dread
• Terror
• Worry
• Sadness
• Helplessness
• Shame
• Anger
• Numbness

The Impact of Domestic Violence on Children
• Poor concentration
• Aggression, hyperactivity, disobedience
• Disturbed sleep, nightmares
• Withdrawal, low self-esteem
• Showing no emotion (‘spaced out’)
• Always on edge, wary
• Fantasise about normal home life
• Pessimism about the future
• Physical symptoms

The Impact of Domestic Violence on Young People
• Depression
• Anxiety
• Withdrawal
• Abuse of parents
• Take on a caretaker role prematurely, trying to protect their mother
• Poorly developed communication skills
• Parent-child conflict
• Enter marriage or a relationship early to escape the family home
• Embarrassed about family
• Shame
• Poor self-image
• Eating disorders
• Low academic achievement
• Dropping out from school
• Low self-esteem
• Staying away from home
• Leaving home early
• Running away from home
• Feeling isolated from others
• Violent outbursts
• Participating in dangerous risk-taking behaviours to impress peers
• Alcohol and substance abuse
• Difficulty communicating feelings
• Nightmares
• Experiencing violence in their own dating relationships
• Physical injuries when they try to intervene to protect mother
• Suicide

Teach Tearmainn provide support services to Children and Young people who have been impacted by domestic violence and abuse. For more information Click Here